Search and rescue (SAR)

Search and rescue (SAR) is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger. The general field of search and rescue includes many specially sub-fields, typically determined by the type of terrain the search is conducted over. These include mountain rescue; ground search and rescue, including the use of search and rescue dogs; urban search and rescue in cities; combat search and rescue on the battlefield and air-sea rescue over water.


Ground search and rescue is the search for persons who are lost or in distress on land or inland waterways. Traditionally associated with wilderness zones, ground search and rescue services are increasingly required in urban and suburban areas to locate persons with Alzheimer's disease, autism, dementia, or other conditions that lead to wandering behaviour. Ground search and rescue missions that occur in urban areas should not be confused with "urban search and rescue", which in many jurisdictions refers to the location and extraction of people from collapsed buildings or other entrapments


Urban search and rescue (US&R or USAR), also referred to as Heavy Urban Search and Rescue (HUSAR), is the location and rescue of persons from collapsed buildings or other urban and industrial entrapments. Due to the specialized nature of the work, most teams are multi-disciplinary and include personnel from police, fire and emergency medical services. Unlike traditional ground search and rescue workers, most US&R responders also have basic training in structural collapse and the dangers associated with live electrical wires, broken natural gas lines and other hazards. While earthquakes have traditionally been the cause of US&R operations, terrorist attacks and extreme weather such as tornadoes and hurricanes have also resulted in the deployment of these resources.


Local and national Rescue teams

Local rescue teams

The idea behind this group is to have better rescue groups in the Barangays so they better can handle a crisis like a major typhoon, earthquake or any other type of disaster.


The general idea behind the NERT groups and this groups can be of big help since the rescuers know the community and the people that live there.

How the different Barangays set up there rescue groups will be all up to them since they know there community best and know what challenges they have there. But one of the key things they need to have drills on are evacuation in case of a major fire, Typhoon or earthquake, they that live close to the sea can also have some drills in evacuation in case of a tsunami.

Here are some ideas for drills that can help you on the way to be safe on your self and the other in the group.


We recommend that you have a drill every 2 weeks or 1 every month but the best is to have one every 2 weeks so it’s not going to long between every time so you forget much of it in between the drills.

  • Disaster Preparedness: Addresses hazards specific to the community.
  • Fire Suppression: Addresses fire chemistry, hazardous materials, fire hazards and fire suppression strategies.
  • Medical Operations I: Participants practice diagnosing and treating airway obstruction, bleeding and shock by using simple triage and rapid treatment techniques.
  • Medical Operations II: Covers evaluating patients by doing a head to toe assessment, establishing a medical treatment area and performing basic first aid.
  • Light Search and Rescue Operations: Participants learn about search and rescue planning, size-up, search techniques, rescue techniques and rescuer safety.
  • Psychology and Team Organization: Covers signs and symptoms that might be experienced by the disaster victim and workers.
  • Review and Disaster Simulation: Participants review and practice the skills that they have learned during the previous six sessions in a disaster activity.

The local organisation will have as a main role to help people in there Barangays like sick, old and disabled persons to evacuate in a disaster situation. And it’s important that everyone know what to do before the disaster strike for then it’s little late to begin to think about things like this.

Everyone in the group need to know what they going to do and what there job is in the case you need to evacuate your homes.

National rescue teams

Here are some videos from Youtube that show you how it looks like.

Credit to the owner of the video

Some links